The political scene is also dominated by economic problems and increased internationalisation. Belgium played an important role in the creation of the Belgian-Luxembourg Economic Union, the Benelux and the European Union. As a member of the United Nations, and in the service of world peace, Belgium often sends its troops on peace missions or sends its observers to areas over the world.
Belgium has a population of about 11,3 million people. The capital of the country is Brussels. The city is also capital of the EU and the location of the headquarters of the NATO. Belgium is member of the Eurozone (currency = Euro).
Most recent information via:
Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS
Geographical size: 30 528 km2
Population: 11 311 117 (2016)
Population as % of total EU: 1.7 % (2016)
Gross domestic product (GDP): € 421.611 billion (2016)
Official EU language(s): Dutch, French and German
Political system: federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
EU member country since: 1 January 1958
Seats in the European Parliament: 21
Currency: Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999
Schengen area member: : Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.
Information in other languages: https://www.belgium.be/en/about_belgium/country/belgium_in_nutshell/films_and_brochures
(French, Dutch, German, Portuguese, Spanish, Chinese, Italian, Polish, Hungarian, Bahasa)
Belgium has a literacy rate of 99%
The life expectancy is 78.6
85% of Belgians live in towns and cities
Nearly 80% of the population of Belgium is Roman Catholic but there are several other religions in the country, all of which receive government subsidies