Origins of country

13th century: the state of Lithuania was formed from the Baltic tribes (Curonians, Semigallians, Latgals, Salish). They were called land Vikings because of militancy and numerous military campaigns. The rise of the Lithuanian tribe led to the establishment of Lithuania.

Baltų genčių žemėlapis IX-XII a. (Šaltinis: Istorikas.com)

Large part of the Baltic tribes had disappeared. Only Lithuanian and Latvian people and languages have survived till present days. The Western Balts (Yotvings and Prussians) disappeared, because of crusaders’ conquest. Despite tough fights with the Vikings and German knights, finally, the Curonians were subjugated (Source: istorikas.com).

Lietuvių (rytų baltų) genties kostiumas Lietuvos nacionaliniame muziejuje (Nuotraukos aut. K. Stoškus)
Žiemgaliai (Nuotraukos aut. J.Jurevičius)
Lietuvių tautinis kostiumas (Nuotraukos aut. Artūras Moisiejenko)

Name of Lithuania was mentioned for the first time in the Quedlinburg Chronicle in 1009. The age of Lithuania has officially been calculated since this date. However, the name of Lithuania was mentioned far from its borders: in the German land. Not Lithuania itself was the main theme of the chronicle record but a different event. The name of Lithuania was mentioned by chance, i.e. in the case of the German missionary Archbishop Brunon’s trip and his death at the periphery of Lithuania and Russia (Source: voruta.lt).

Ištrauka iš Kvedlinburgo analų, kuriuose pažymėta vieta, kurioje minimas Lietuvos vardas Litua (Šaltinis: lt.wikipedia.org)
Buvęs Kvedlinburgo imperatoriškasis moterų vienuolynas (Šaltinis: lt.wikipedia.org)

One of the most likely versions of the origin of the name of Lithuania. Landname “Lietuva“ is an old Lithuanian word which originated from the hydronym “Lietava“ or “Lietava“. Originally a river, which is confluent of the Neris, was called “Lietava“ or “Lietauka“. Later, the same name was also given to the territory near that river. The land of Lithuania with famous centers Kernavė, Trakai, and Vilnius eventually occurred. It is believed that the river gave the name to the land of Lithuania, and the latter one gave its name to the state of Lithuania (Source: voruta.lt).

Upelis Jonavos rajono rytuose, Neries dešinysis intakas (Šaltinis: efoto.lt)

Familiarize with the symbols of the state of Lithuania: the flag, the coat of arms, the national anthem (hymn).

Lietuvos vėliava
Lietuvos herbas
Lietuvos tautinė giesmė (himnas)

Listen to the national anthem of Lithuania

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