Clothing

Lately clothing articles are no longer to protect us or keep us warm, but to become accessories of our personality, imprint of mood or social position. In the past, clothes and shoes were bought only on special occasions during religious holidays. There is currently a great variety of materials, colors and patterns. The evolution of society has not put its mark on purchasing power, and people are able to find clothing at an affordable price, although we still find disadvantaged areas where children do not have clothes to wear to go to school.

Beautiful party dresses, brilliant shawls, and artificial fur clothes make up collections of special occasions clothes for girls.

Although apparently unimportant, clothing and footwear come into direct contact with us and can influence our health or mood.

Fig. 23 – Adolescent dress

Romania is one of the few countries in the world where, in the year 2000, some people in the village still wear traditional costumes on working days, not only on certain occasions. Romania is remarkable due to an extraordinary variety of popular costumes.

Generally, Romanian folk costumes can be divided into seven folkloric regions. The production of the Romanian folk costume started from raw materials produced in the peasants’ households, but it has evolved with the passage of time, representing today a true mastery both in the production and decoration of fabrics and embroidery. The popular port has the same structure throughout the country, but it differs from one region to another through details such as cutting, shape and color.

Fig. 24 – Some models of Romanian folk costumes
Fig. 24 – Some models of Romanian folk costumes
Fig. 24 – Some models of Romanian folk costumes
Fig. 24 – Some models of Romanian folk costumes

Here is the Romanian blouse, the piece of resistance of the traditional Romanian costume, this clothing component inspiring great fashion designers from all over the world. Here is the symbol of Romania, being celebrated on the day of Sânziene (June 24th).

Fig. 25 – The Romanian blouse in Paris fashion show

The basic elements in the composition are the shoulder (the seam that joins the sleeve to the front and back of the sleeve), the scarf, the other (broad band, richly decorated on the sleeve which is the defining element of the model and does not repeat in any other part, ribbons (ribbed or oblique strips on the chest and sleeves) and bits or keys (stitches for joining pieces of material).

Models of embroidery and ornaments vary from one area to another on the territory inhabited by the Romanians from the Nistru to the Serbian Banat.[1]

The Suceava region costume has sober but pleasant, natural colors: brown, brown, black, dark green.

Câmpulung is full of red and black and is worked with a thick, curly, loose, volume-giving thread.

In Vrancea, there is a strong geometry and strong colors: red, black, blue, green, ocher – contrasts; but also a special cut of the sleeve: the spiral effect is not given by riveted rivers but by the cut of the sleeve, which is twisted.

Vlaşca and Ilfov use warm colors, several shades of red, gold, and ocher.

In Romanata, a combination of strong blue and red cherry is used for delicate, small, but refined designs. In Gorj, especially in the north, only black is used (and ocher for wrinkle) – clear influence from the Saliste area. Instead, the composition, the motives, are very dynamic: the neck of the mill, the stars, the spirals, the horns of the ram, the hooks, etc. In Argeş and Vâlcea there are also monochrome compositions, but it is dark red and sour cherries, rarely just black.

The specific shirts from Dobrogea, Banat, Oaş, Maramureş, Transylvania: Hunedoara, Sălişte, Apuseni, Bihor, Năsăud, Târnave, each have a distinct personality, although they are also composed of 4 sheets.

Fig. 26 – Queen Maria of Romania and her daughters in Romanian folk costume

In Romania, it is worn by all social categories, from peasants to intellectuals, both in rural and urban environments, with the popular costume being revived in post-modern society.

Fig. 27 – Traditional style wedding in 2017

Bibliography:

[1] https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ie_(vestimenta%C8%9Bie)

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