Joining the EU

After a transition period in which Romania introduced new economic reforms, the country joined the European Union on 1 January 2007.

Romania was the first Central and Eastern European country to have official relations with the European Community.

After the signing of the Accession Treaty on 25 April 2005, Romania became a state in the process of accession, obtaining the status of active observer at the level of all Community institutions, ensuring the presence of Romanian representatives at the level of the European institutions and their working groups. Active observer status allowed Romania to express its viewpoint without voting rights in the decision-making process at Community level, thus influencing these decisions and promoting its national interests.

After accession, Romania has moved from active observer status to full-fledged member. Romania has become the seventh EU country by number of inhabitants. Romanian has become one of the official languages ​​of the Union.[1]

Romania is a member of some international organizations, including the United Nations since 1955, NATO since 29.04.2004, the OSCE, the 1980 Latin American Union and some economic institutions such as the World Bank and the IMF Group since 1972.


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