CV, motivation letter
In the coming decade, many jobs in Italy (22 percent) will be available for professionals with high-level qualifications in the areas of science, engineering, health care, business and teaching, according to the most recent Skill Supply and Demand country report by CEDEFOP. Medium-level qualifications, such as those gained by technicians and associate professionals, will be in demand in the coming years, since 17 percent of job opportunities between now and 2025 will be for this group of professionals. Sixteen percent of the future jobs in Italy are expected to be for lower-skilled workers, meaning machine operators and agricultural workers will find fewer employment opportunities in Italy than in other EU countries.
According to the most recent Global Survey, the most active hiring in Italy in the near future will be:
- Information technologies
- Security services
A candidate’s soft skills are often what make the difference in hiring decisions. Employers in Italy are seeking candidates who are highly motivated and adaptable, as well as possess international work experience. As far as hard skills are concerned, approximately 80 percent of Italian employers value professional experience as the most important element when hiring new staff, followed by 11 percent who highlight the importance of a relevant degree of study. Language skills are critical: fluency in three languages is often desired. In addition to Italian and English, employers want candidates who can speak German (requested by 22 percent of employers), French (20 percent) or Spanish (14 percent).
The first bulletin in 2016 of UnionCamere confirms the national gap between work offer and demand, probably because of an educational-training system is not always aligned to needs and change of the economic environment. On one hand, the Companies have difficulty in finding the 13% of recruitment planned in this first part of the year, a figure that reaches 18% in industry and 11.4% in services. On the other hand, youth people, with reference to people from disadvantage group, could be more supported by the institution. The current situation presents:
The “Atlante delle professioni” is an observatory of profession obtained thank to univesitary degree available to young people and families, placement services, businesses and institutions. It aims to facilitate and strengthen the guidance of Job Placement and college to create a direct dialogue between universities and business world. It allows graduate programs to relate their training offer with employment prospects of their graduates and the skills requested by the labour market. The observatory takes the form of atlas available on the web and contains the description brochures of the professionals referring to the activities, the skills required and the working environments within which they operate. They are sometimes accompanied by videos which point out challenging aspects of the job profiles.
There are about 150 ongoing professions and the portal is constantly updated.
The ISFOL “Institute for the Development of Vocational Training of Workers” has developed a web platform http://www.isfol.it/temi/Inclusione_sociale directly addressed to young people from disadvantaged groups (young people with disabilities, refugees). Within this section there are all the law referents, studies and policies about workers with disabilities. “WOW – Wonderful Work” is a national association addressed to young people affected by Down syndrome. A case study about job preferred by those people mentioned different hiring companies. Fast food, restaurant, hotel and secretariat tasks are well done by those guys.
For what concern job opportunities for young people on the field of innovation there is “Stati Generali dell’Innovazione”. SGI is an initiative from Ngos, movements, businesses and citizens believed that a better growth for Italy is offered by youth creativity, forward the digital divide and through the Open Government. Internet, social network, APP developers offer the best opportunities to young people looking for a job.
Last but not the least, Caritas Italia provide every year an annual Report about migrants statistics. For what concern their job integration, for 2016 the distribution of foreign workers in the different economic activities, compared with that of Italian, confirms the typical location of the model segmentation of the labour market, with the highest incidences of foreigners employed in collective and personal services sector (29.8%), manufacture (18.4%), hotel and restaurant sector (10.9%), real estate (9.6%) and trade (8.3%). In all these fields it is placed 77% immigrants. The gender analysis shows the largest concentration of foreign women in the third sector that should undoubtedly be interpreted in the light of the phenomenon of “3 C” caring, cleaning and catering.