Hospitals for children

CHILD HEALTHCARE

The largest children’s all-purpose healthcare facilities in Latvia are in Riga: the Children’s hospital in Tornakalns and Children’s hospital at Gailezers (www.bkus.lv).

Rights of Minor Patients

(1) Medical treatment of a minor patient (up to the age of 14 years) shall be permissible if his or her lawful representative is informed thereof and has given his or her consent. The minor patient has the right to be heard and according to his or her age and maturity to participate in the taking of the decision related to the medical treatment.

(2) Medical treatment of a minor patient (from the age of 14 years) shall be permissible if his or her consent has been received, except that laid down in Section 7, Paragraph eight of this Law.

(3) If a minor patient (from the age of 14 years) refuses to give his or her consent for medical treatment, but to the physician’s mind the medical treatment is in the interests of this patient, the consent for the medical treatment shall be given by the lawful representative of the minor patient.

(4) A minor patient has the right to receive information comprehensible to his or her age and maturity from a medical practitioner.

Consent of the Orphan’s Court

(1) If the lawful representative of a minor patient refuses to give his or her consent for the commencement of medical treatment or if the lawful representatives are unable to agree regarding the commencement of medical treatment, or if the whereabouts of the lawful representative of the minor patient is unknown to the physician, but he or she regards that the commencement of medical treatment is in the interests of this patient, the permission for medical treatment, on the basis of a motivated submission of the physician, may be given by the Orphan’s Court within three working days after receipt of the motivated submission of the physician, except in the case referred to in Paragraph two of this Section.

(2) If the physician considers that immediate commencement of medical treatment is necessary in the interests of the minor patient, but the lawful representative of the patient refuses to give his or her consent or if the lawful representatives are unable to agree regarding the commencement of medical treatment, or if the whereabouts of the lawful representative of the minor patient is unknown to the physician, the decision to commence medical treatment shall be taken by the doctors’ council. The doctors’ council shall inform the Orphan’s Court regarding the decision taken within three working days according to the jurisdiction determined in this Section.

(3) The consent for medical treatment of a minor patient shall be given by the Orphan’s Court of the local government, in the territory of operation of which the place of residence of both parents or guardian of the patient has been declared.

(4) If the place of residence of the parents of a minor patient has been declared in the administrative territories of different local governments, the Orphan’s Court, in the territory of operation of which the place of residence has been declared for the parent with whom the patient is living, shall give the consent for his or her medical treatment.

(5) If the parents or guardian of a minor patient have no declared place of residence, the Orphan’s Court of the local government, in the territory of operation of which the parents or guardian of the patient actually live, shall give consent to his or her medical treatment.

(6) If sole custody of one parent has been established for a minor patient, the consent to his or her medical treatment shall be given by the Orphan’s Court, in the territory of operation of which the place of residence has been declared by the parent in whose sole custody this patient is.

(7) If the parents of a minor patient are not known, or if this patient is a foundling, the consent to his or her medical treatment shall be given by the Orphan’s Court, in the territory of operation of which the respective patient has been found.

( Law On the Rights of Patients, https://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=203008).

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